Frequently Asked Questions

According to the International Federation of Freight Forwarders (FIATA), the International Freight Forwarder is the provider of specialized services that, acting as principal or third party between the user and the carrier, develops activities to solve, on behalf of its client or directly, all the problems implicit in the physical flow of the merchandise.

The freight towarder who acts as “principal”, issues transport documents and acquires responsibility towards the client and towards the shipping company. On the other hand, the freight towarder, acting as an “agent”, only manages the logistics process, does not issue a transport document and has no responsibility to the freight.

Get freight from the carriers and solve to the shipper any problem related to the transportation, consolidation, storage, handling, packaging or distribution of products, as well as the auxiliary and advisory services involved, including, but not limited to, those related to tax matters. and customs, declarations of goods to official purposes, assurance of products and collection or procurement of payments or documents related to the goods.

It is the way in which the Freight Forwarder is called in English.

  • General Rules of Foreign Trade.
  • Law of Titles and Credit Operations.
  • Navigation and Maritime Commerce Law.
  • Insurance Contract Law.
  • Law of General Ways of B2B.
  • Port Law.
  • Airports Law.
  • Rail Transport Law.
  • Customs law.
  • Federal Law on Economic Competition.
  • If they are IATA members or CASS Associates, they can issue the Air Waybills.
  • If they have their own trucks they can issue the Consignment Notes.
  • If they represent a shipping company, they can issue the Bill of Lading.
  • If they are Multimodal or Intermodal Transport Integrators, they issue the necessary documents.

A 3 PL (Third Party Logistics), or better known as a logistics operator, is a company that carries out the planning, implementation and control of the efficient and effective flow and storage of goods, services and associated intomation, from the point of origin to the point of consumption, in order to satisfy customer requirements.

A logistics operator can also be a company that specializes in one or more areas of the logistics chain. However, this type of logistics operator must have some characteristic that differentiates it from a traditional service provider included in the logistics chain. This difference must lie in his knowledge of the logistics chain as a whole and his ability to coopetariff and even take the initiative towards greater efficiency in the operation of the chain.

  • Commercial.
  • Finance.
  • Pricing.
  • Customer Service.
  • Administration.
  • Safety & Security.

The term NVOCC (Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier) refers to those companies that are exclusively dedicated to the maritime transport of goods.

Their main characteristic is that they do not have transport vessels but rather reserve their space on a vessel owned by an agent or operator and use it to transport their clients' goods.

It is important to note that the NVOCCs manage all the documentation necessary to the operation and issue their own invoices, thereby assuming responsibility to shipments.

FIATA (Fédération Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimilés) is the International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations; is a non-governmental organization (NGO) representing 40.000 logistics companies.

  • Infrastructure
  • Means
  • Services
  • Legal framework
  • Carrier: Who will carry out the transport services
  • Consignee: Who receives the goods from the Carrier
  • Loader: Who delivers the goods to the carrier
  • Carrier

The bill of lading or Bill of Lading (BL) is the document through which the contract to the transportation of goods by water is implemented. This must be delivered by the carrier or shipping agent to the shipper.

The Master Bill of Lading is the document issued by the shipping company or agent as a transport contract to freight, the House Bill of Lading, is the one issued by a freight forwarderto its client.

It is the document that serves as a land transport contract (road or rail)

  • Company name or name of the motor carrier, the dispatcher and their addresses.
  • Name and address of the consignee.
  • Designation of the merchandise, with the rule expression of its generic quality, weight and external marks or signs and their declared value.
  • Transport price.
  • Date on which it is issued.
  • Place of receipt of the merchandise by the motor carrier.
  • Place, date or term in which the delivery will be made.
  • Conditions of contract

It is a direct multimodal transport document. With the issuance of this document, the freight towarder acts as a multimodal transport operator, taking responsibility to the merchandise and the execution of the transport.

  • Contracting parts.
  • Merchandise to be transported.
  • Transportation itinerary.
  • Transportation price.

It serves as a maritime transport contract, reliable proof that the goods have been transported with the rule the use of more than one main transport and determines the responsibility of the issuing freight towarder.

Unlike the FBL multimodal bill of lading, it cannot be issued “to order” and theretoe cannot be negotiated.

The air waybill or airway bill is the document that serves as an air transport contract to freight.

It is an air waybill in his name in English.

The master Airway Bill is the document issued by the airline or agent as a transport contract to freight by air, the AWB House, is the one issued by a freight forwarderto its client to the protection of their freight by air.

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is the world's trade association to airlines, representing some 280 airlines or 83% of total air traffic. It provides support from many areas of aviation activity and helps tomulate industry policy on critical aviation issues.

The "TIR" (Transports Internationaux Routiers) is an international transit system based on a UN Convention implemented worldwide with the rulein the framework of a public-private partnership. For more than 60 years, the TIR has been facilitating and ensuring international road transport and trade. Thanks to it, vehicles and freight containers with the rule customs seals can transit through countries with the ruleout being controlled at the borders.

The CAAT (Código Alfanumérico Armonizado del Transportista) represents the identification number of the carrier company through which the authority will have knowledge not only of its existence and location, but also of the persons responsible to the goods.

It is the International Convention to Safety in Life and Sea "Safety of Life at Sea". The importance of this Agreement to Freight Forwarders is the obligation to obtain and document the Verified Gross Mass of the containers with the rule freight, which is directly attributable to the shipper who appears as such in the bill of lading, shipping bill, bill of lading, bill of lading, bill of lading, bill of lading, bill of lading maritime transport or equivalent multimodal transport document and / or person who has concluded a contract to the transport of goods with the rule a shipping company.

Ports are interfaces between different modes of transport and are typically hubs to combined transport. An efficient port requires not only adequate infrastructure, superstructure and equipment, but also good communications and, especially, a dedicated and qualified management team and manpower.

  • Loading and unloading of merchandise from ships.
  • The embarkation and disembarkation of passengers.
  • Activities that constitute the transfer between maritime and land modes of transport.
  • The handling of goods, their deposit and storage.
  • The inspection and control of the merchandise by public administrations.
  • Consolidation and deconsolidation of loads.
  • The state ones are had with the rule absolute control of the state.
  • Autonomous with the rule a semi-governmental organization.
  • Municipal that are administered by municipalities.
  • Private with the rule control and administration by specialized operators.
  • Landlord -port (proprietary port) where the State or city owns the land and the concession is given to private operators, as in the case of Panama.
  • Tool -port (instrument port), where the State builds and buys the equipment and an operator opetariffs the activity, such as ports in Japan and some in the United States.
  • Operating -port (operating port) where the state builds, buys the equipment and opetariffs the port, as in the case of Peru and tomerly Panama.

Two "sides" are defined in an airport, namely the air side and the ground side. On the land side, all aircraft-related operations are carried out, from the platformats to maneuvering and parking of aircraft, the taxiways, the maintenance hangars, the fire stations and fuel supply stations, the remote positions, the control and up to the take-off and landing runways. The air side is a high security zone with the rule restricted access to people and vehicles, which has filters and input and output devices.

The General Rule of Foreign Trade to 2018 in its rule 1.9.8 establishes:

For the purposes of the provisions of articles 10, 20, sections II and VII, and 36 of the Law, international freight agents must provide intomation related to the goods to which they hired the maritime transport service in accordance with the rule following:

International Freight Forwarders must provide the intomation by means of the electronic transmission of data to the system of the association or guild chamber to which they belong or through the persons who have the authorization referred to in rule 1.8.1. who may choose to provide the intomation in Spanish or English. The remuneration to the provision of these services will be established between the parties.

In imports, the intomation referred to in the previous paragraph must be transmitted to the SAAI 24 hours after the ship has set sail.

In the case of ships that exclusively transport goods in bulk, in accordance with the rule the provisions of regulation 3.1.12., Section IV; goods not transported in containers of companies in the terminal automotive industry or manufacturing of motor transport vehicles; goods such as sheets, wire, tubes or steel bars, regardless of whether they have a serial number, provided that it is unitom and Homogeneous freight, they are interchangeable products and that it is loose freight that is not presented in containers or containers such as boxes, bags, sacks and barrels; the intomation must be transmitted 24 hours betoe the arrival of the ship to national territory.

In the case of exports, the intomation referred to in the second paragraph of this rule must be transmitted to the SAAI with the rulein a period of 24 hours, betoe the vessel departs.

The intomation must be transmitted to the SAAI in accordance with the rule the guidelines issued by the AGCTI to such purposes, with the rule the following data:

  1. Vessel name and voyage number.
  2. The CAAT in accordance with the rule the provisions of rule 2.4.6. the international freight towarder and the maritime transport company.
  3. House bill of lading numbers related to master bill of lading.
  4. As appropriate:

a) Country code and place of origin of the service.

b) Country code and port of loading, in the case of importation and unloading, in the case of export.

c) Country code and transshipment port.

d) Country code and final destination port.

V. In the case of imports, the name, RFC or tax identification record used to the payment of taxes, full address and telephone number of the consignee of the merchandise, except in the case of bills of lading consigned to the order.

Name, RFC or tax identification record used to the payment of taxes and full address of the shipper of the merchandise, as well as of the person to whom the arrival must be notified, as declared in the bill of lading.

In the case of exports, the name, RFC or tax identification record used to the payment of taxes, full address and telephone number of the shipper of the merchandise.

As well as the name, RFC or tax identification record used to the payment of taxes and full address of the consignee of the merchandise and of the person to whom the arrival should be notified, as declared in the bill of lading.

In the case of goods to import corresponding to household goods or made by diplomatic missions, consular or international organizations, or in the case of toeigners, the generic RFC EMB930401KH4, OIN9304013N0 or EXTR920901TS4 may be declared, as appropriate.

In the case of those shippers, consignees or parties to notify who reside in countries where there is no tax identification record, said intomation will not be declared.

VI. Quantity and type of packages. If the merchandise is transported in containers, the quantity and unit of measure must also be specified to each container.

VII. Gross weight or volume of the merchandise. If the merchandise is transported in containers, the gross weight or volume must also be specified to each container.

VIII. Description of the merchandise, generic descriptions that do not allow to identify the nature of the merchandise such as: “general freight”, “dry freight”, “chemicals”, “perishable food”, “bulk merchandise”, “mineral bulk” will not be accepted. ”, Otherwise the transmission will be considered incorrect.

IX. Number, quantity and dimensions of the containers.

X. Type of contracted service.

XI. In the case of dangerous goods, indicate their class, division and United Nations number, as well as the name of a contact person and their telephone number, in case of emergencies.

In the case of imports, the intomation transmitted electronically may be rectified, as many times as necessary, even betoe the importer, through his agent or customs representative, presents the merchandise to dispatch and the automated selection mechanism is activated.

In the case of exports, the intomation transmitted electronically may be rectified, when in accordance with the rule article 89 of the Law the request has been rectified.

In cases of importation of goods dispatched in bulk, the gross weight or volume settled will be rectified, even after activating the automated selection mechanism.

For the purposes of this rule, when due to untoeseeable circumstances or toce majeure the SAAI does not receive the intomation transmitted by the international freight agents, the AGA will issue through guidelines the terms and conditions by which said agents may verify the transmission of the intomation. referred to in this rule.

For the purposes of the second paragraph of this rule, the interested parties may request the AGCTI to connect to the SAAI, provided that they previously submit a notice to the ACPCEA, in which they state that they provide or wish to provide the service of transmission of manifests of charge, attaching a certified copy of its articles of incorporation and the documents that certify the powers of the person signing the application.

In accordance with the rule 1.9.8 it establishes that it must be transmitted:

III. House bill of lading numbers related to master bill of lading.

They are freightsthat by their nature require proper handling and precautions in their handling, since they can endanger human life, facilities or infrastructure where they are handled. Being dangerous they can trigger diseases, they are toxic, poisonous gases and can even cause an explosion.

  • Explosives
  • Gases
  • Flammable
  • Hazardous Flammable Solids
  • Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
  • Toxic and infectious substances
  • Radioactive substances
  • Corrosive substances
  • Miscellaneous Hazardous Substances

Manipulation consisting of the movement of the merchandise from its suspended over the ship's rail to the interior of the ship (either deck or hold).

The modern concept of stowage, especially when we are talking about containers, does not refer to the movements of the merchandise (which are included in the concept of freight), but to the decision of where the merchandise should be placed, depending on the type of freight. container, its weights and the order of entry and exit of the containers on the ship, among others.

A contract between correspondents, known as Agency Agreement, is the document by means of which a freight forwarderagrees with the rule another abroad, to be counterparts to the purposes of representation, release of merchandise, shipment of transport documents, etc.

Currently there are several networks of freight forwarders, where it is easy and accessible to contact correspondent agents from other countries, so it is recommended to meet his correspondent, request documentation and sign a contract between correspondents that allows sharing responsibility and obligations, as well as verify the veracity of legal documents and their existence.

In land transport, stays are considered the time that the means of transport is detained due to lack of release, loading, or detention of the authority through embargo. They will begin to run on the terms contracted between the parties to the transport contract.

When the carrier uses rented or own containers, the Merchant will be responsible to paying to demurrages that exceed the period allowed to the use of said container, as well as to losses, damages or expenses incurred by the Carrier. The shipping company as a consequence of not receiving back the Container in good material and clean conditions as received, even if some condition is genetariffd by the merchandise, which conditions that cause the Goods do not manifest themselves and / or result in losses , damages or subsequent expenses. The relevant payment will be made after submitting a written cost estimate.

The concept of demurrage has two meanings. In logistics, demurrage can be understood as the charge made by shipping companies to a demurrage in the delivery of the rented container. Or, as the demurrage in the delivery of the merchandise.

It is the payment that must be covered when, once the days that the Customs Law establishes as free of this charge have expired, individuals are obliged to pay the concessionaires of the controlled areas, to the use of their facilities when storing containers or freight in general. Article 15, section V of the Customs Law

They are counted in calendar days, starting from the day following the one on which the warehouse receives the goods, regardless of whether they have been transferred or transshipped. In maritime or area matters, the term will begin to run, the term will begin to run from the day the consignee receives the communication that the merchandise entered the warehouse.

Import:

  • 2 days off at air, rail or land customs.
  • 7 days free in maritime customs.

Export:

  • 15 days off in general.
  • 30 days free to merchandise consisting of minerals.
  • Failure to deliver freight until the carrier's payment charge is settled.
  • Charge to storage from the day after the free days are met (in accordance with the rule article 15 of the Customs Law).
  • Charge the service of handling and maneuvers in advance during the duration of the free services.
  • Deliver the freight to transfer with the ruleout extra payments.
  • Cover with the rule the requirements that the Secretariat demands to its concession.
  • Pay the days of storage other than the free days that according to article 15 of the Customs Law, you have the right.
  • Pay to merchandise handling services and maneuvers to prior recognition.

It is a United States statute that regulates the rights and obligations between freight carriers and ship owners with the rule respect to ocean shipments to and from the United States.

It is the enactment of the United States of the International Convention Regarding Bills of Lading, commonly known as "The Hague Rules."

The Hague-Visby rules regulate the relationship between shippers versus carriers, with the rulein a bill of lading, providing a minimum of carrier obligations and the liability regime, imperatively to prevent liability limitations imposed by the position. dominant in the contract.

United Nations Convention on the Transport of Goods by Sea, signed in the city of Hamburg on March 31, 1978. It is of minority application and specifies the following limits: loss and damage 835 SDR / package or 2,5 SDR / kg . gross and demurrageed delivery 2,5 times the freight.

In the clauses of the Bill of Lading mainly; to a lesser extent, some shipping companies establish some obligations with the rulein the quotation and / or booking.

Document issued by the freight towarder to the shipping company (if applicable) to guarantee the payment of demurrages and other concepts that may arise from the transportation of the merchandise.

In this same sense, the client of the freight towarder can issue a letter by means of which guarantees the payment of demurrages and other concepts that may arise from the transportation of the merchandise, in the same terms in which the freight towarder is toced with the rule the shipping company.

The freight towarder must have the customer's guarantee letter in original and signed by the legal representative.

It is any loss that occurs as a result of the sacrifices or extraordinary expenses made to preserve the ship and the freight, its amount must be distributed pro rata among the interested parties (Marine Insurance Act 1906).

When any sacrifice or extraordinary expense has been made or contracted, intentionally and reasonably, in order to preserve the goods committed in the common adventure (York and Antwerp Rules 1974).

General principles of General Average:

  • That the sacrifice or expense is extraordinary.
  • That the act is intentional and reasonable.
  • That the purpose is common security.
  • The purpose is to preserve from a hazard.

In accordance with the rule article 29 of the Customs Law, there are two types of abandonment, the tacit one, which occurs when the goods are not with the ruledrawn from the tax or controlled premises with the rulein the timeframes: 3 months in the case of export goods, 3 days in case of dangerous or perishable goods and 2 months in case of import; and the express, which is carried out when the interested party so manifests it in writing.

The deadlines referred to in the previous question will be computed from the day following the day on which the goods enter the warehouse in which they remain in storage with the rule customs, except in the following cases:

    1. In the case of operations carried out in maritime traffic, the period will be calculated from the day following the one on which the ship's unloading was completed.
    2.  In the case of merchandise belonging to toeign embassies and consulates, to international organizations of which Mexico is a member, and luggage and household goods of the officials and employees of the atoementioned representations and organizations, the abandonment periods will begin three months after that the goods have entered the warehouse betoe customs.

Based on art. 32 of the Customs Law, the abandonment must be notified in writing: give a period of 15 days (general freight) to release or destination and give a period of 3 days (dangerous and perishable) to release or destination.

The customs authorities will notify the owners or consignees of the goods personally or by certified mail with the rule acknowledgment of receipt, at the address that appears on the transport document or commercial invoice, that the abandonment period has elapsed and that they have fifteen days to remove the goods.

They are property of the federal treasury or, the controlled area is obliged to sell them.

  • To with the ruledraw the goods but they will be definitely lost.
  • To request express abandonment.
  • To recover them after the abandonment period.
  • To pay the freight.
  • To get them safe from demurrages.
  • To cover storage fees and demurrages.

It is the insurance contract and that according to the Insurance Contract Law, it must determine mainly:

  • Coverage or type of risks covered.
  • Effective date.
  • Rights and obligations of the signatories (insurer and insured).

The responsibility of the carrier to loss, damage or demurrage. This applies if these events occur from the moment the carrier took over the merchandise and until it is delivered to the destination.

Sea Freight

  • Loss or damage: 666.67 SDR / package or 2 SDR / kg gross.
  • COGSA: $ 500 USD per package.

Air Freight

  • Destruction, damage or demurrage: 19 SDR / Kg unless the merchandise has been declared.

Multimodal

  • Loss and damage (if there is a sea leg): 666.67 SDR / package or 2 SDR / Gross Kg
  • Loss and damage (if there is no sea leg): 8,33 SDR / kg gross
  • Delay in delivery: transport price.

Land portion in National territory

Liability exception: When the user of the service does not declare the value of the merchandise, the liability will be limited to the amount equivalent to 15 days of the general minimum wage in toce in the Federal District, per ton or the corresponding proportional part.

It is a unit of account of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It constitutes a basket of currencies that includes the euro, the US dollar, the Japanese yen and the British pound.

For the civil liability policy, the Company is obliged to pay the damages, as well as the consequential damages and moral damages, that the Insured causes to third parties and to which the latter must respond, in accordance with the rule the applicable legislation on civil liability in toce in the United Mexican States (or toeign legislation in the event that coverage has been agreed in accordance with the rule the particular conditions to civil liability insurance to damages abroad), to non-malicious acts or omissions that occurred during the term of this policy, and that cause the death or impairment of the health of said third parties, or the deterioration or destruction of property owned by them, according to the clauses and specifications agreed in this insurance contract.

Conditions to check:

  • Amount of damages covered by the policy.
  • Covers theft of merchandise caused by negligence.
  • Legal advice and defense.
  • Errors or omissions.

Authorized places where merchandise enters or leaves the national territory, loading, unloading, transferring and storing maneuvers are carried out, the embarkation or disembarkation of passengers, and the review of their luggage.

They can be Customs, customs sections, international airports, authorized border crossings, ports and railway terminals that have customs services.

They are those that have competence to exercise the powers of the Customs Law in accordance with the rule the Internal Regulations of the Secretariat and other applicable provisions.

It is in charge of supervising customs and setting the policies and actions that they must follow. This authority is the only one competent to apply the legislation that regulates customs clearance, as well as the systems, methods and procedures that customs must abide by.

  • Tax deposit.
  • Transit of goods.
  • Elaboration, transtomation or repair in a controlled area.
  • Sttariffgic audited area.

The fiscal deposit regime consists of the storage of merchandise of toeign or national origin in general deposit storage fees that can provide this service under the terms of the General Law of Credit Auxiliary Organizations and Activities and are also authorized to do so by the authorities. customs. The fiscal deposit system is carried out once the taxes on toeign trade, as well as the compensatory fees, have been determined.

The customs regime of the Sttariffgic Fiscalized Area was created with the rule the intention of having a new scheme that would offer facilitation, streamlining and, consequently, greater competitiveness in the customs operation of companies established in Mexico.

In this sense, in order to promote the operation of the Sttariffgic Fiscalized Precincts, the Mexican government considered it convenient to grant fiscal benefits and administrative facilities that encourage productive investment to favor the development and growth of sttariffgic areas.

In accordance with the rule the provisions of Art. 93 LA, the with the ruledrawal of a customs regime will proceed until betoe the automated selection mechanism is activated.

In art. 35 of the Customs Law is understood by dispatch the set of acts and tomalities related to the entry of merchandise to the national territory and its exit from the same that according to the different traffics and customs regimes established in the present ordinance must carry out in the customs the Customs authorities and consignee consignees, owners or holders of imports and senders of exports, as well as customs agents or proxies.

Customs recognition consists of examining the import or export goods, as well as their samples to gather elements that help to specify the veracity of what has been declared with the rule respect to the following concepts:

  1. The units of measurement indicated in the tariffs of the general import or export tax laws as well as the number of pieces, volume and other data that allow the merchandise to be quantified.
  2. The description of the nature, state of origin and other characteristics of the goods.
  3. The data that allow the identification of the goods, where appropriate.

In the Administrative Procedure in Customs Matters (PAMA), the specific circumstances must be specified and comply with the rule the legal tomalities imposed by the Law, it is also important to specify that said procedure must be lifted the same day that the goods have been seized, in order to to avoid actions that harm the defense or the rights of the importer, which are protected by the Fiscal Code of the Federation in a very special way.

According to article 203 of the Customs Law against all final resolutions issued by the customs authorities, the appeal to revocation established in the federal tax code will proceed.

The filing of the appeal to revocation will be optional to the interested party betoe going to the Federal Tax Court.

They are trade assistants and act in all operations of loading, unloading, storage and dispatch of merchandise. They can act on their own behalf, on behalf of or commissioned by a third party and they regularly represent, betoe customs, consignees in customs procedures and operations.

Those who introduce or extract merchandise from the national territory destining them to a customs regime, are obliged to transmit, through the Electronic Customs System, in an electronic document betoe the customs authorities, a petition with the rule intomation regarding the atoementioned merchandise, in the terms established by the SAT through rules, using the FIEL or digital stamp and provide a printout of the customs declaration with the rule the corresponding intomation which will bear the barcode.

The PROSEC are instruments aimed at companies that produce goods, through which they are allowed to import with the rule a preferential ad valorem tariff (general import tax) various goods that are used in the production of certain products, regardless of whether the goods are destined to the export or to the national market.

The main benefit of these programs is the importation with the rule a preferential tariff of various goods to the elaboration of specific products, in most cases tariffs of 0% to 5% are established to the importation of inputs and machinery.

There are 24 PROSECs designed under an input-destination scheme.

  • Enjoy a preferential tariff.
  • Demonsttariff that the goods are not imported from countries that produce under unfair conditions.
  • Control, surveillance and permanent custody of accesses and exits of fiscal and supervised enclosures and checkpoints.
  • Automated selection modules.
  • Empty lane.
  • Passenger transit at checkpoints.

National Transportation by any means genetariffs 16% of the Value Added Tax, in the case of land transportation, the due with the ruleholding of 4% must be applied.

International Import Transport, any means is not caused to import because it is broken down with the rulein the Import Request. The expenses genetariffd by release, maneuvers or any other genetariff the corresponding 16%, unless it is services to the export of the contents in article 29 of the VAT Law. Also the national sections included as part of the international section (with the rulein the transport document) will have the same treatment.

  • International air transport:
    • 16% (article 29 section VI LIVA) of 25% of the trip.
    • 0% (article 29 section VI LIVA) of 75% of the trip.
  • International maritime transport:
    • 0% (article 29 section V LIVA).
  • International land transportation:
    • 0% (article 29 section V LIVA).

In order to the Freight Forwarder to grant a credit to a client, it must carry out a valuation process that indicates whether the client is solvent to the future payment of services. Each Agency establishes its own standards and rules to the study and subsequent granting of credit.

They are the International Commercial Terms(INCOTERMS). They are issued by the International Chamber of Commerce that determine the commercial scope in the international sales contract.

  • They seek to reflect new security measures.
  • They visualize intermodal transportation practices.
  • They echo the advancement of electronic communications.
  • They neutralize gender to avoid legal ambiguities.
  • They are also generally recommended to domestic operations.
  • Identify the obligations of the seller and the buyer
  • Define transport (Mode and means)
  • Determine the Party that contracts the insurance of the merchandise
  • Define packaging and packaging conditions
  • Determine the Party that carries out procedures, tomalities and expenses in customs (export, import).
  • Define the Party that performats the loading and unloading maneuvers
  • Notification from the seller to the buyer of having fulfilled their obligations.

On the recommendation of FIATA (Féderation Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimilés) they allow to have clear contracting conditions that protect the operation, since problems have been detected between Freight Forwarders and their clients and suppliers, which facilitates clarifying and delimiting obligations of Freight Forwarders.

  • Ex Works EXW
  • Free Carrier FCA
  • Carriage paid to CPT
  • Carriage and Insurance Paid to CIP
  • Delivered at Place Unloaded DPU
  • Delivered at Place DAP
  • Delivered Duty Paid DDP
  • Free Alongside Ship FAS
  • Free On Board FOB
  • Cost and Freight CFR
  • Cost, Insurance and Freight CIF
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